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Jon Haidt Thinks About You

Jon Haidt, whose presentation during a recent visit to the College focused on narratives of capitalism, has produced a video in which he describes the ideological tensions and intellectual priorities in the modern American university. Haidt is a thinker who will help you understand the world surrounding you. Here’s a summary of the video that he prepared:

Aristotle often evaluated a thing with respect to its “telos” - its purpose, end, or goal. The telos of a knife is to cut. The telos of a physician is health or healing. What is the telos of university?

The most obvious answer is “truth” — the word appears on so many university crests. But increasingly, many of America’s top universities are embracing social justice as their telos, or as a second and equal telos. But can any institution or profession have two teloses (or teloi)? What happens if they conflict?

As a social psychologist who studies morality, I have watched these two teloses come into conflict increasingly often during my 30 years in the academy. The conflicts seemed manageable in the 1990s. But the intensity of conflict has grown since then, at the same time as the political diversity of the professoriate was plummeting, and at the same time as American cross-partisan hostility was rising. I believe the conflict reached its boiling point in the fall of 2015 when student protesters at 80 universities demanded that their universities make much greater and more explicit commitments to social justice, often including mandatory courses and training for everyone in social justice perspectives and content.

Now that many university presidents have agreed to implement many of the demands, I believe that the conflict between truth and social justice is likely to become unmanageable. Universities will have to choose, and be explicit about their choice, so that potential students and faculty recruits can make an informed choice. Universities that try to honor both will face increasing incoherence and internal conflict.

Highly recommended:

Addendum: For a boots-on-the-ground account of the conflict between truth and the prevailing ideology of social justice, see former Yale professor Erika Christakis’ fine October 28 piece in the Washington Post: My Halloween email led to a campus firestorm — and a troubling lesson about self-censorship.

Addendum: When I was a student, the term “political correctness” had not gained currency. We used, quite consciously, the term “party line” to describe the intolerance of a newly arrived ideology that brooked no debate. Just as Marxist parties of yore allowed no criticism of a set of ideas that believed Marxism to be the scientific déroulement of history, so, too, do today’s social justice warriors see their critics as both evil and worthy of the harshest sanctions.

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